The show jumping

<strong>The show jumping</strong>

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The obstacle jump
It is one of the most exciting horse riding modalities.
Anyone who has tried assault will have noticed the feeling of wanting a jump more, a little higher, a little better ...

There are different categories in show jumping, depending on your age
and your level. There are also many types of jumps that we will find, distinguishing between three types of categories:

- Vertical
- Background
- Combination


They are isolated jumps, requiring a not very high speed so that the horse can reach it without touching it.For the horse, these jumps are the most difficult, since
the horse needs to get as close to the jump as possible to pass it smoothly
smooth and rounded.Within the vertical jumps we can find:

- Planks
- Walls
- Cancel
- Insulated bars placed in many ways.


These jumps are made up of two or three parts. They consist of a front bar and one behind, leaving a space between them. The wider the space between the bars, the more the horse will have to stretch. This jump is complicated and requires a lot of effort from the horse, since it is a vertical jump, depending on the height of the bars and a horizontal jump, depending on the distance between the bars. the first and second bar. The design of these jumps may vary, we can find three-bar dips, which are staggered volleys or dips where the two bars are at the same height.


They are several jumps together. We distinguish:
Double: where there are one or two strides between two vertical jumps or bottoms.
Triple: they are three jumps, vertical or deep, with one or two strides between them.
Fall and go: They are combinations in which there is no stride involved, they require a controlled, balanced and perfect closeness, in which the horse learns to sit on its feet and balance itself.

The posture:

As always, balance is the foundation of the jump. Practice, consistency and skill, of course, also play a role.

The lower leg It is the most important part, it is not necessary to move during the jump, it must be strong supporting the rest of the body.
The rider must keep your weight about the horse's center of gravity. Do not get ahead, do not lag behind the movement.
The heels They should not be climbed, for that, the stirrups must be raised one or two points, since if they are too long, the legs will go backwards and it will be impossible to bend forward with the horse. If the stirrups are shortened too much, they will be ineffective.
Our body It should be bent from the hip, as in the photo, with the back straight.
Shoulders relaxed, hands stretched forward towards the horse's neck.
It must be taken into account that during the jump, horse and rider must become one, that is, the rider must be the complement of the horse, accompanying him, noting his strides, his beat.

Common defects: It is normal that when you start jumping, and as you train you take on vices and defects, that is, bad habits. The sooner they are known, the sooner they will be corrected. The rider's perseverance and enthusiasm for learning will be key to avoiding bad habits and to advance quickly in level.
Here we expose 3 of the most common defects, but each rider should be studied by his trainer and advised by him:

Hang: It is the jerk of the horse's mouth. It usually happens because the rider has not kept his balance during the jump. The horse has beaten and the rider has lagged behind, holding on to the reins, for safety, and pulling the horse's mouth.To avoid this, train with low jumps, until you feel the horse's beat and know how to bend your hips in time with the jump. .

Hands: The hands must be soft, in front of the jump playing with them so that the horse notices that we are going over, that we are in command, but leaving him freedom to stretch his neck during the jump.

Support for: Releasing the support in front of a jump is one of the most common defects that occurs. When the horse is already facing the jump, the rider loses contact in the last leg of the horse, it is the opposite of the fixed hands. This causes the horse to lose confidence, to believe that the rider has decided that he does not want to jump and thus the only thing that will be achieved is that the horse gets out of the jump or that it jumps instinctively and that in the next jump it is the one who decides whether to jump or not. The contact must be constant during the jump.

Video: ShowJumping - Stronger (August 2022).