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Chulilla (Valencia)

Chulilla (Valencia)



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What to see and visit in Chulilla

The richness of its natural heritage, makes Chulilla an ideal setting for hiking, itineraries that run through the most beautiful areas of the region and during their journey there is a great diversity of fluvial landscapes as well as rugged mountainous and leafy areas. countryside.

In Chulilla, one of the main thermal establishments of the Valencian Community is located, its calcium sulfated mineral-medicinal waters are indicated in rheumatological, respiratory and skin processes. The Chulilla Spa has a privileged location, an environment surrounded by the Turia River and abundant pine forests.

Chulilla is a privileged place to practice sport climbing, thanks to the characteristics of its mountains, mention the Turia Canyon for the number and variety of itineraries as well as for its benign weather.

The municipality has a rich gastronomy. The lover of good food will enjoy the traditional dishes of the town and the region. The most outstanding dishes of the Chulillana gastronomic offer are: La Olla de carne, Olla de cabbage and Rin-ran. As for pastries, there is also a wide assortment of typical chulillan sweets and pastas, among them the Reguiño, the congretes, the mantecados and the almond pancakes stand out.

Chulilla has known how to preserve traditions, this is demonstrated year after year in the town's two main festivals: “La Enramá” and “Las Cruces”. These festivals are, due to their characteristics, the most representative of Chulilla, the most deeply-rooted and traditional.

How to get to Chulilla?

  1. From Valencia: Take the CV-35 towards Ademuz until the exit "Losa del Obispo", cross Losa and continue for 5 km on the road until you reach Chulilla.
  2. From Requena: Exit from Requena towards Chera on the CV-395. Once in Chera, follow the direction of Sot de Chera and continue to Chulilla.

Geography

The town is located on the slopes of a high promontory called Monte del Castillo, which is maintained as a "castro". The town is dominated by the Arab castle that preserves towers and walls on the side of the town, since on the side facing to the river there is an impressive canyon known as "Las Hoces del Turia" that makes it impregnable, so, on that side, it lacks defensive constructions.

Most of the term extends over Cretaceous terrain. In this limestone plateau, the erosion of the Turia river has created a sickle and the Chulilla Falls, 160 meters deep and 10 meters wide. The vegetation is made up of pine forests (Aleppo) and Mediterranean scrubland. Regarding the fauna, the most important species are raptors, both day and night, partridge, rabbit, hare, fox, badger, marten, genet and wild boar. Barbel and trout live in the Turia.

This town is accessed from Valencia through the CV-35, then taking the CV-394.

Chulilla history

Its settlement is primitive, dating safely from the first millennium BC. However, the first traces documented in excavation have been corresponding to the Bronze Age on the upper surface of Monte del Castillo. In this, the original nucleus of the term, the settlement has been continued.

During the Iron Age, the area expanded with the Iberian settlements of Monte del Castillo, Castellar, Pelma, La Talayuela, Pico los Serranos and Corral de Ajau. With the Romanization, some of these towns were abandoned and others went down to the plain.

So far no vestiges have appeared corresponding to those dark centuries after the disappearance of the Roman State. We suppose that at the end of the Old Empire the territorial structure that would derive in the district dependent on the "hisn" (Islamic castle) of Xulella and also in the barony of the thirteenth century was formed.

In 1238 and after the conquest of the city of Valencia, Chulilla also became part of the Western Christian world. Although Zayd Abu Zayd had already given the castle and the town, with other territories, to the Church of Segorbe in 1236. In 1248, King Jaime I donated the town to Pere Escrivá for life "castrum et villam de Xulella".

After this parenthesis of military lordship, it returned to the ecclesiastical when the Barony of Chulilla was instituted in 1274, which included Losa and, from 1300, El Villar, on the territory of the old Muslim district of the castle and handed over to the Cabildo and bishop of Valencia.

Until 1331, the population will be predominantly Muslim, being on that date when after the failed revolts of Al-Azraq, and the continuous assaults on the Morerías by Christians, they led to their abandonment. In 1340, Pedro IV of Aragón granted a Population Charter by which 100 settlers were established, among whom there were and newcomers, mainly from Teruel and Lérida and from Navarra. In 1373, the sovereignty of the Bishop over the Barony becomes complete after the transfer of the rights of the Cabildo to him. In 1379, the castle was reinforced as a result of the war with Castile, given the border location it occupies (wars 1356-1365).

In the 18th century, the territory of the Barony, which had barely been modified during the last millennium and still coincided with the old Islamic district, breaks up, forming the new municipalities of Villar and Losa.
XIX century.

Its geostrategic position caused bloody battles to be fought there during the Carlist wars, in which General Cabrera's troops occupied the castle and later reconquered by Elizabethan troops after successive sieges. Already in the twentieth century Chulilla was marked by crude Civil War, the flood of 57 that in our municipality was especially affected, the emigration to the cities of the 50s and 60s and finally to close the century the fire of 1994 that was a setback for its tourist economy as a model of sustainable development with the environment.

Economy in Chulilla

It is an important nucleus of interior tourism due to its natural attractions and its numerous restaurants and rural houses, this sector being the main economic engine that moves the town. It also has a spa with sulphurous hot springs that maintain a constant temperature of 23 ° C. (Spa in Fuencaliente or Chulilla).

Monuments of Interest in Chulilla

  • Chulilla Castle. It consists of a wall, a barbican tower, a circular bastion, a vaulted unit, corner towers, and the stately enclosure with a tower and remains of the residence and auxiliary units. It also had a hermitage dedicated to San Miguel. Inside there are four wells. In various places you can see engravings similar to those of the Denia Castle. It was used as a prison for ecclesiastics by order of San Juan de Ribera.
  • Church of the Virgin of the Angels. It is built on the mosque, 15th and 16th centuries. Originally a rectangular nave with a double-sloped roof, with two doors. They are added: bell tower, sacristy, chapel. With Baroque ornamentation, the 16th century tiled base, similar to those of the Corpus Christi church in Valencia (El Patriarca). It consists of a nave with another attached to the presbytery, both covered by barrel vaults with lunettes, on pilasters and semicircular arches, doorways lintelled with niche. His works include a polychrome wood carving of a Virgin with Child (16th century) and a canvas of the Virgin of the Castle with Child (17th century).
  • Hermitage of Santa Bárbara. Primitively Gothic building built in 1364, renovated in 1730. It consists of a single nave with pilasters, semicircular arches and pointed arches. The vault is ribbed.

Natural resources

Its orographic profile is markedly mountainous, with a large number of boulevards and ravines, which makes this area one of the most beautiful in the Iberian mountains.

  • Fuencaliente Spa, The Spa has a hotel that rises up the side of a mountain, next to the Turia river and the avenue with centenary trees.
    The characteristics of its waters allow to carry out various treatments for rheumatic and respiratory conditions, disorders of the locomotor system, slimming and cellulite cures, anti-stress and varicose veins.
  • The ravine of Falfiguera: Currently, it has been prepared for hiking (PR -77), there is another path that goes to the corrales de Don Adón. Part of the magic of this place is understood when you access the area that houses the cave paintings. They are located in a place that is difficult to access, so it can be explained how they have survived to this day. At the end of 1998, there was a discovery, of great historical value, a set of Paintings in the Barranco de Falfiguera. After a first observation, the frieze was revealed as a find of extraordinary interest due to the appearance and quantity of the pictorial representations.

We must assume that the painted scenes were related to the rites of a hunting population. In these enclosures or shelters-sanctuaries various ceremonies would be carried out, in order to venerate certain spirits and periodically reactivate the creative force of the paintings to which the hunted animals would be linked, which ultimately depended on their own subsistence . At the entrance of the ravine are the remains of a collapsed tower. Los Calderones natural site, where are the sickles of the Turia.

  • Turia Canyon: the canyon is approximately 6 kilometers long. This is probably one of the most beautiful and least known places in the Valencian Community. The canyon begins at the dam of the Loriguilla reservoir and ends at the gates of Chulilla. These walls are the delight of climbers and naturists.
  • Sources: As can be seen, Chulilla is strongly linked with water, there are many sources in the term, one permanent and another that comes out depending on the rains, sources such as Rinconá, Pelma, Terrosa, Mortaina, Corachana, La Maza, El Garbanzo, La Morena, El Lebrecillo and the largest of all and the most important in Chulilla is the spa fountain, which supplies the spa and the entire town.

Activities in Chulilla and nearby towns

  • ClimbingChulilla is a privileged place to practice sport climbing, due to the large number and variety of its itineraries and the good weather.
    The climb takes place on gray limestone of Cretaceous origin, sometimes orange, but almost always very compact. Being varied, technical plates and medium-grade itineraries predominate. The tracks are equipped with a 12 metric parabolt.
    This school has more than 30 sectors, with almost 700 equipped routes, concentrated mainly in the Turia river canyon, although it has many others above it, such as the "Fantasía", which are in front of the hydroelectric plant, or those of the initiation area called "Cherales".

  • TrekkingThere is currently a large network of trails of varying difficulty that run through the most beautiful places in the surroundings of Chulilla. You can find them all on our website: www.chulilla.es

  • Bike routes: Lovers of this sport also have a place in Chulilla. We have different routes in the area for both mountain and road bikes.

  • Fishing: In the waters of the Túria River, as it passes through Chulilla, is the “La Rinconá” fishing reserve. The quality of it makes it frequented by many sport fishermen in the province. Easily accessible, the preserve is located between the power station and the old Corundum factory. To get there you must take the detour to the Chulilla Spa, two km away. the detour starts the preserve.

  • Hunting: The Chulilla hunting reserve occupies an area of ​​6200 ha. The orography of the land, a combination of mountains and plains, and its agricultural purpose provide an ideal habitat for numerous animal species.
    Its smooth relief and low scrubland facilitate visibility and movement for the hunter. The hunt is based mainly on the capture of birds, hare, rabbit and wild boar.

Chulilla gastronomy

The typical dishes of the town are: the Pot of cabbage (beans, chard and potato, with the special touch of mint), the pot of meat (beans, potato, thistle, bacon, bread sausage, onion blood sausage, güeña , median and bone), Rin-Ran (dish derived from the cabbage pot with potatoes, chard, beans, cod, hard-boiled egg, and a good drizzle of olive oil), Garlic arriero ( potato, cod and oil) and finally the popular "cocotes" (chorizo ​​dumplings).

From the confectionery, the “reguiños” stand out (with the appearance of a pancake, but the ingredients are not the same nor the taste, this is a little sweeter) mantecados, almond cakes and "congretes".
There are good wines such as "rancio", "Pedro Ximénez", "Juliola" and the sweet Mistela.

Festivities in Chulilla

  • Feast of the enramá. The typical "mayos" are celebrated. It is the oldest festival that is remembered and that has been passed on generation after generation, it is a festival for young people and enjoyed by all the people, since it consists of multiple popular acts. These festivals make the first weekend of May Chulilla a destination worth visiting again. (first weekend in May).
  • Festivities. In honor of Santa Bárbara, with the transfer of the Virgin in pilgrimage from the Hermitage. The festivities last a week, in which in addition to the different religious acts, numerous popular dinners, festivals, and others acts that will culminate in the transfer of Santa Barbara from the church to the hermitage. (second week of August).
  • Festivities of the Hermitage. The end of summer is approaching, the return to work and school, but also the Fiestas de la Ermita in Chulilla. They are popular festivals that are held in the Ermita neighborhood of the town of Chulilla. Its acts include dinners and popular dances, championships and children's entertainment. Happy Holidays! They are celebrated the last week of August.
  • Festivities of the Holy Christ, also known as “Las cruces”. The protagonists of this event are the residents of each street in town. It is one of the most popular festivals in Chulilla. Of these festivals, its originality and the participation of the local residents stand out, who after a year of ideas, enthusiasm and effort plant the original "Crosses" in their neighborhoods. The crosses are all different and made from any type of material you can think of. Visiting "Las Cruces" and enjoying the events that take place during these dates is another good reason to visit Chulilla. They are celebrated in September.

Places to eat in Chulilla

  • Restaurants-Spa "Los Baños" and "Turia" Tf: 902.74.74.02
  • Restaurant "Las Bodegas" Tf: 96.211.77.75 / 666407945/636761866
  • Restaurant "El Pozo" Tf: 96.165.72.72
  • Restaurant "La Rueda" Tf: 96.165.70.25
  • Restaurant "Ca Barbara" Tf: 96.165.73.23

Hotels and apartments in Chulilla

  • Hotel - Chulilla Spa Tf: 902.74.74.02
  • Hostal "El Pozo" Tf: 96.165.72.72
  • Rural Apartments "La Muela" Tf: 666.871.529
  • Rural Accommodation "La Presa" Tf. 96.165.70.26 / 666407945
  • Rural Accommodation "La Rueda" Tf.96.165.70.25 / 605512907
  • Rural House "Serena" Tf: 96.165.70.83
  • Rural House "Chulilla Green House" Tf: 96.165.72.02 / 692 64 31 41
  • Los Cinglos Rural Accommodation. Tf: 618 193 669/96 165 72 26 /
  • Hotel Rural La Baranda. Phone 961657975/626485849
  • Rural hostel "El Altico" Phone 629 647 713

Where to have a drink

  • La Baronía Ice Cream Shop. Tl: 961657122
  • Bar "El Cantón" Tf. 697876463
  • Bar "El Pegata" Tf: 96.165.73.13
  • Bar "La Tasca" Tf. 96.165.70.47

Where to buy

  • Hnos. Esteve oven Tf: 96.165.70.21
  • Amparo oven Tf: 96.165.70.11
  • Butcher shop "Estrella" Tf: 96.165.70.44
  • Butcher shop "Rochina" Tf: 96.165.70.66
  • Watertight "Manuel Burgos" Tf: 96.165.70.95
  • Spar "Rosi" Tf: 96.165.71.45
  • Kiosk "La Serranía" Tf: 96.165.70.32
  • Coop. Val. Agrícola Sta. Barbara Tf: 96.165.70.75
  • Drugstore

Telephone Numbers of Interest

  • Town hall: 96.165.70.01

Web: www.chulilla.es

  • Tourist - Info Chulilla: 96.165.79.79

Email: [email protected] / [email protected]

  • Medical service: 96.165.70.38
  • Pharmacy: 96.165.70.19
  • Emergency physician: 96.164.61.70
  • Civil Guard 96.272.00.10
  • Firefighters: 96.213.00.08
More information about Chulilla and surroundings
  • Photosof Chulilla
  • Guide of the Province of Valencia
  • Valencian Region Guide
  • Valencia Golf Courses
  • Valencia Telephone Numbers
  • Sports Ports of Valencia
  • Valencia beaches
  • Valencia hotels
  • Map of Chulilla with GoogleMaps


Video: Hiking a CANYON in Chulilla Valencia Spain - Expat Vlog (August 2022).