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What is a head injury?
Trauma is a knock produced by the action of physical or mechanical agents suffered by the organism, they must be given the importance they deserve, since head trauma They can affect the Central Nervous System.
Symptoms of head trauma:
The main symptoms of head trauma are:
- Disorientation or altered state of consciousness
- Nasal bleeding or by the ears
- Pupil size changes
First aid in case of head trauma:
- The patient must be at rest for 12 hours, and the observation period at home will be 24 hours.
- Only drink liquids, during the first 8 hours (tea, juices, water ...)
You can eat solid and liquid foods in small amounts for the next 12 and 24 hours.
- The patient can sleep, but his condition should be observed every hour if he is awake, and every two hours if he sleeps.
If he sleeps, wake him up to make sure he reacts, then let him go back to sleep.
See if he responds to pain and calls, and see if color, pulse, and breathing are normal.
Go to the Emergency Service if:
You should call the doctor at your Health Center, or the Pediatrician or go to the Emergency Service if any of the following changes appear:
- Severe headache that is not relieved by a washcloth dampened on the forehead with cold water
- If the patient vomits more than twice
- If you have seizures, that is, epileptic seizures
- If the patient becomes weak or loses strength in the arms or legs
- If you walk strangely or become unbalanced>
- If the patient is irritable or behaves strangely
- If you are extremely sleepy or difficult to wake up
- If strange movements appear in the eyes, double or blurred vision, or if one of the pupils becomes much larger than the other.